Understanding the manufacturing process of laminate flooring helps you evaluate its performance aspects, unique characteristics, and so much more. Read on to learn more!
Each laminate plank consists of four main layers that are bonded together. The bottom layer, also known as the backing, is made of melamine. This layer stabilizes the plank while offering moisture resistance. The next layer, the core, is made from high-density fiberboard or particleboard. The core may also contain plastic resin for added moisture resistance. Next comes a decorative layer that features a wood or stone image. Finally comes a durable wear layer that protects against scratching and staining.
A laminate sheet is formed when all four layers are pressed at high temperatures and under high pressure. Once pressed, each sheet is left to cool and cure. They are then stacked and stored so that they can continue to acclimate, which improves their stability. Once acclimated, they are cut into planks and given their distinctive tongue-and-groove edging that allows them to click together with ease.